A. Capital inflows; B. Earnings, dividends, capital gains and proceeds from the sale of all or part of the investment or partial or total liquidation of the investment; C. Interest, royalties, administrative costs, technical assistance and other royalties; D. contractual payments, including a loan agreement; E. Chapter IV Section 10 compensation and payments resulting from an investment dispute. Under U.S. law, a bilateral trade agreement must be concluded and approved by Congress for Vietnam to obtain annual NTR status, and the President must waive the „Jackson Vanik” provision, which states that such a waiver would greatly promote Vietnam`s freedom of emigration. Since 1998, the President has granted Jackson Vanik`s annual waiver to Vietnam. Thus, the conclusion of this agreement and its subsequent approval by Congress would pave the way for Vietnam to obtain NTR treatment each year. This, in turn, would put Vietnam`s trade commitments into effect. 1. Parties may establish or maintain a state-owned enterprise or grant a company, formally or de facto, exclusive or special privileges for the importation and export of Schedule C products, provided that the company acts in connection with its purchases or sales relating to either imports or exports.
, to a extent consistent with the general principles of non-discriminatory treatment in this agreement with respect to state measures concerning imports or exports by private economic operators. 2. In accordance with paragraph 1 of this article, these companies require that, in full consideration of the other provisions of this agreement, these undertakings make such purchases or sales solely for commercial reasons, including price, quality, availability, market capacity, transportation and other terms of purchase or sale, and that they offer appropriate opportunities to the other party`s businesses. , in accordance with normal business practices, in order to compete to participate in such purchases or sales. 3. Paragraph 1 does not apply to the importation of products for direct or final consumption for public use, nor to the resale or use in the manufacture of products for sale. With respect to these imports, each party gives fair and fair treatment to the other party`s trade. Yet there are challenges. In 2019, Trump said in an interview that Vietnam was „almost the only worst abuse of all,” raising investor concerns about the end of Vietnam`s favorable relationship with the United States. Trump also complained about the U.S. trade imbalance with Vietnam.
According to a study by Bank of America Merrill Lynch, Vietnam`s trade surplus with the United States had grown to $600 million. Each party ensures that its laws, regulations and administrative procedures of general importance, which concern or affect investments, investment agreements and investment authorizations, are immediately made public or made public by other means. This has not gone unnoticed; At a House dinner in honor of the Prime Minister during his 2017 visit, U.S. President-recipient Robert Lighthizer stressed the need to address the U.S. trade deficit with Vietnam, and was part of the meeting at subsequent high-level meetings. International investment agreements (AI) are divided into two types: (1) bilateral investment agreements and (2) investment contracts. A bilateral investment agreement (ILO) is an agreement between two countries to promote and protect investments made by investors from the countries concerned in the territory of the other country. The vast majority of IDu are bits. The category of contracts with investment rules (TIPs) includes different types of investment contracts that are not BITs.